A SHORT REVIEW ON SOLID WASTE GENERATIONS, RECYCLING AND MANAGEMENT IN THE PRESENT SCENARIO OF INDIA
In India about 980 million tons of solid waste is being generated annually as by-products, during mining, industrial, municipal, agricultural and other process. Out of this ~ 380 million tons are organic wastes from agricultural sources. Industrial and mining sector produce ~ 290 million tons in organic wastages and ~4.5 million tons are hazardous in nature. Recent development in the solid waste management gives emphasis on the use of the waste in construction materials in place of traditional materials like tiles, blocks, bricks, aggregates, cement, ceramics, lime, paints, soil etc. To protect the environment efforts are being made for recycling various wastes and utilize them value added applications. In this paper present status on generation and utilization of both hazardous and non-hazardous solid wastes in India, their recycling potential and environmental effects are reported and discussed.
PRATAP KUMAR SWAIN, TRINATH BISWAL, R.B. PANDA