DETERMINATION OF POLLUTANTS CONCENTRATIONS PRODUCED BY PETROLEUM STATIONS, KHARTOUM STATE, SUDAN
Considerable attention has been subjected towards the hazards of Petroleum Stations activities and their expected impacts on health and environment. This study involved 15 fuel stations in Khartoum State, Sudan. Three cities were selected for the study, including Greater Khartoum, Khartoum North, and Omdurman. The study aims to assess the pollutants concentrations that could be produced by these selected fuel stations activities on the surrounding environment regarding air, soil, and underground water. The study adopted a scientific method including environmental measurements of sound levels, Air quality Monitoring (CO, SO2, NO2, TVOC’s, and PM10), Soil and Car Washing Waste Water analysis. The results revealed that the ambient air averages for NO2, and TVOC’s, parameters were exceeding both National (SSMO) and FEPA recommended limits; while SO2 was not detected. Regarding Soils and Car washing waste water, the results showed the contamination by both Pb and Cd (Lead and Cadmium), and their averages were above the recommended permissible limits as per the National (SSMO) standards.
OMER HAMED MOHAMED, NIDA QAFISHEH AND ABDELELAH ELHASSAN