THE CARBON MONOXIDE (CO) CONTRIBUTION IN THE AIR POLLUTION CASE OF THE GREATER CASABLANCA REGION, MOROCCO
The Carbon monoxide is produced by incomplete combustion, usually due to poorly tuned thermal systems. It is mainly present in motor vehicle exhaust and is therefore a good indicator of road traffic pollution. The objective of this research is to improve the knowledge of the sources of air pollution due to the CO emission in the GCR, then quantifying these emissions and Make a cartographic representation of these emissions generated by all sectors, in a region which plays a leading role in the economic and social development of Morocco in industrial activities, transport infrastructure, production and distribution of energy. The region concentrates more than one third of national industries and the Moroccan automobile park, has the country's largest ports and airports, the region provides almost all of the country's needs for refined petroleum products and 20% of national electricity production of thermal origin. Thus appears the need to undertake a diagnosis of the carbon monoxide Co, as a major and determinant pollutant in the air quality index. In 2015, the amount of carbon monoxide emitted in the GCR was over 28100 tons, of which 82% was due to car traffic and 17% to combustion in the manufacturing and residential / tertiary.
HADER KHADIJA AND BAHI LAHCEN