A CASE STUDY ON CHARACTERIZATION, TREATMENT AND UTILIZATION OF DEOBAND SUGAR MILL EFFLUENT
The present study deals with physico-chemical analysis, treatment and utilization of Deoband sugar mill effluent. The effluent is treated with alkaline solution of hexacyanoferrate (III). The results show high values of alkalinity,TDS, hardness, BOD and COD indicating a high degree of organic pollution. These high values get reduces to a good extent with HCF (III) ions in an aquoues alkaline medium. The use of both treated and untreated effluent for irrigation purpose has been studied in two ways. Firstly by studying physico-chemical characteristics like pH, conductivity, sulphtaes, chlorides, TDS, % Na and SAR values and secondly by studying the effect of sugar mill effluent on % seed germination and early seedling growth of Triticum aestivum. Results show that both treated and untreated effluent are sutaible for all types of crops and all types of soil except those which are very sensitive to sodium. From data it can also be concluded that the lower concentration of effluent up to 10 -20% are be beneficial for seed germination and growth of Triticum aestium but its higher concentrations have adverse effects.
ANJALI GOEL, MANU AND RICHA TYAGI
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