ISSN (0970-2083)

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Research Article Open Access



One of the most significant environmental problems modern civilization has ever faced is Global Warming. Nine of the ten warmest years ever recorded have occurred in the past decade. Studies conducted on past climate shifts, notes of current situations, and computer simulations, it is concluded that lacking of big curbs in greenhouse gas discharges, the 21st century might see temperatures rise of about 3 to 8 degrees, climate patterns piercingly shift, ice sheets contract and level rise in seas up to several feet. With the probable exemption of one more world war, a huge asteroid, or a fatal plague, global warming may be the only most important danger to our earth. This is a highly challenging problem due to the current worldwide dependence on fossil fuels, whose consumption is expected to increase by 50% within the next 25 years. In future, energy is likely to become expensive and less reliable, and at the same time there is growing concern about the environmental damage created by fossil fuels. There are modern technologies which reduce carbon pollution, they reduce other harmful pollutants that poison our water bodies, make our land infertile, and harm human health. Specific actions should be recommended to address the problem relating to increase in energy efficiency, expanding renewable and nuclear energy, and promoting carbon sequestration for substantial and long-term reduction in net global greenhouse gas emissions.


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